Life[ edit ] As a young man, Rossi acquired a reputation as a talented violinist. He was then hired in as a court musician in Mantuawhere records of his activities as a violinist survive. Rossi served at the court of Mantua from to as concertmaster  where he entertained the ducal family and their highly esteemed guests. The composers Rossi, MonteverdiGastoldiWert and Viadana provided fashionable music for banquets, wedding feasts, theatre productions and chapel services amongst others.
After being conquered by the Cenomania Gallic tribe, Mantua was subsequently fought between the first and second Punic wars against the Romanswho attributed its name to Mantoa daughter of Tiresias.
This territory was later populated by veteran soldiers of Augustus.
Mantua's most famous ancient citizen is the poet Virgilor Publius Vergilius Maro, Mantua me genuitwho was born in the year 70 BC at a village near the city which is now known as Virgilio. It was retaken by the Eastern Roman Empire in the middle of the 6th century following the Gothic war but was subsequently lost again to the Lombards.
They were in turn conquered by Charlemagne inthus incorporating Mantua into the Frankish Empire. In the 11th century, Mantua became a possession of Boniface of Canossamarquis of Tuscany.
The last ruler of that family was the countess Matilda of Canossa d. Lawrence's Roundchurch in The Rotonda still exists today and was renovated in Free Imperial City of Mantua[ edit ] After the death of Matilda of Canossa, Mantua became a free commune and strenuously defended itself from the influence of the Holy Roman Empire during the 12th and 13th centuries.
InAlberto Pitentino altered the course of River Mincio, creating what the Mantuans call "the four lakes" to reinforce the city's natural protection. Three of these lakes still remain today and the fourth one, which ran through the centre of town, was reclaimed during the 18th century.
During the struggle between the Guelphs and the GhibellinesPinamonte Bonacolsi took advantage of the chaotic situation to seize power of the podesteria in He was declared the Captain General of the People.
The Bonacolsi family ruled Mantua for the next two generations and made it more prosperous and artistically beautiful. The Gonzagas built new walls with five gates and renovated the city in the 14th century; however, the political situation did not settle until the third ruler of Gonzaga, Ludovico III Gonzagawho eliminated his relatives and centralised power to himself.
During the Italian Renaissance, the Gonzaga family softened their despotic rule and further raised the level of culture and refinement in Mantua.
When she moved to Mantua from Ferrara she was the daughter of Duke Ercole the ruler of Ferrara she created her famous studiolo firstly in Castello di San Giorgio for which she commissioned paintings from MantegnaPerugino and Lorenzo Costa. She later moved her studiolo to the Corte Vecchia and commissioned two paintings from Correggio to join the five from Castello di San Giorgio.
It was unusual for a woman to have a studiolo in 15thC Italy given they were regarded as masculine spaces. Ludovico Gonzaga receiving the news of his son Francesco being elected cardinal, fresco by Andrea Mantegna in the Stanza degli Sposi of Palazzo Ducale.
Through a payment ofgolden florins inGianfrancesco I was appointed Marquis of Mantua by the Emperor Sigismundwhose niece Barbara of Brandenburg married his son, Ludovico.
Under Ludovico and his heirs, the famous Renaissance painter Andrea Mantegna worked in Mantua as court painter, producing some of his most outstanding works.
Federico commissioned Giulio Romano to build the famous Palazzo Teon the periphery of the city, and profoundly improved the city. In the late 16th century, Claudio Monteverdi came to Mantua from his native Cremona. He worked for the court of Vincenzo I Gonzagafirst as a singer and violist, then as music director, marrying the court singer Claudia Cattaneo in From Gonzaga to Habsburg[ edit ] Inthe direct line of the Gonzaga family came to an end with the vicious and weak Vincenzo IIand Mantua slowly declined under the new rulers, the Gonzaga-Neversa cadet French branch of the family.
The War of the Mantuan Succession broke out, and in an Imperial army of 36, Landsknecht mercenaries besieged Mantua, bringing the plague with them. Mantua has never recovered from this disaster. Ferdinand Carlo IVan inept ruler, whose only interest was in holding parties and theatrical shows, allied with France in the War of the Spanish Succession.
After the French defeat, he took refuge in Venice and carried with him a thousand pictures."For 18 years we provide a free and legal service for free sheet music.
If you use and like ashio-midori.com, thank you to consider support donation. Apart from France, established Jewish populations exist in the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Switzerland.
With the original medieval populations wiped out by the Black Death and the pogroms that followed it, the current Dutch and Belgian communities originate in the Jewish expulsion from Spain and Portugal, while a Swiss community was only established after emancipation in Johann Sebastian Bach; painting by Elias Gottlob Haussmann, One of my most moving encounters with the music of Johann Sebastian Bach took place in the spring of .
View Harran-Salamone_Rossi from HISTORY at Ohio State University. Salamone Rossi, the Mystery Man of Jewish Art Music Composers Prof. Don Harrén ~, . Mantua (Italian: Mantova (); Lombard and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name..
In , Mantua became Italian Capital of Culture. In , Mantua was the European Capital of Gastronomy, included in the Eastern Lombardy District (together with the cities of Bergamo, Brescia, and Cremona).
Salamone Rossi, the Mystery Man of Jewish Art Music Composers Prof. Don Harrán This article appeared in the Spring issue of Notes from Zamir. Salamone Rossi needs no introduction.
He occupies a special place in Western and, more particularly, Jewish music.