Resources Regarding USA Labor Laws and Volunteering How should you determine who is a volunteer and who should be paid for the hours they work at your organization?
Presenting data clearly and effectively Terminology Regardless of the delivery format, content should be presented in a clear manner. In addition, consideration should be given to the use of terminology and the provision of definitions, if necessary as well as the way that data is displayed.
The ultimate goal is for families and community members to understand the data and take action to support student achievement. As such, transparency in terminology use and display of data are useful in promoting understanding of data.
Some states identify schools as low-performing to high-performing, others issue a letter grade such as A—F, still others use terms such as priority or outstanding. States also differ in how they identify student achievement levels.
The Education Trust uses the terminology, advanced, proficient, basic, and below basic in its guide for parents and communities. The authors found that this fourth category "is very useful for identifying students who have not [achieved] even the basic level" p.
Using clear language and categories for education data will help to increase understanding. The authors suggest that calculating average scores for each quartile and tracking changes would provide an even stronger report, and add that, "When the results of standardized tests are reported in terms of average scores or the percentage reaching a particular cut point or level, students, parents, and even teachers are left pretty much in the dark about what, specifically, a student is able to do at any particular point" p.
In addition to considering the terminology and methods employed, decision makers should consider the use of graphic objects to aid in displaying data.
Graphic Objects There are various graphic objects for visually presenting data, including tables, charts, and graphs. However, each differs in its ability to convey certain types of data.
Prior to selecting a graphic object, decision makers should take into account the amount and type of data in addition to the individual characteristics of the graphic object.
In Table 2, Visual Representations of Data, descriptions of graphic objects that are often used to present data are provided along with suggestions for their use.
Visual Representations of Data Graphic Object Description and Suggested Use Histogram Histograms are used to display the frequency or proportion of cases that fall within defined intervals or columns. The bars on the histogram can be of varying width and typically display continuous data.
Bar Graph Bar graphs are used to compare values across categories or to track changes over time. Line Graph Line graphs are used to display the relationship between two types of information. Line graphs can also be used to compare changes over the same time frame for more than one group.
Pie Chart Pie charts are used to compare parts of a whole. They do not show changes over time. Infographics "Information graphics or infographics are graphic visual representations of information, data, or knowledge. Typically, one-page infographics use color, symbols, size, placement and other graphic techniques to convey information.
According to Johnsonthe purpose of an infographic is to take complex information and make it easier to understand by using graphics to strengthen the presentation.
In addition, Johnson and Krum recommend that infographics possess the following characteristics: Concise, convey a single idea well Simple, readers easily understand the point of the display Transparent, always cite the data sources Accurate, use the proper size of the symbol to indicate scale Central focal point, readers can easily understand the main point Attractive, interesting to the reader Infographics are often used to help the data tell a story in visual form.
They show data in a different context to increase interest and understanding. In a couple of recent blog posts, Sweetsershared multiple examples of infographics related to education issues. Hyperlinks for the posts are provided in the list of references for this paper.
Conclusion People want to know how their schools compare to others and how individual students are achieving. As a result, state and local educational agencies are increasingly expected to convey data in understandable formats that lead to enhanced knowledge and positive action.Summary: It is clear that families and communities play key roles in student achievement and school improvement efforts.
Across the nation, states are leading initiatives to improve communication and engagement with these stakeholders through effective data sharing. 2 table of contents Table of Contents Stewardship Report Letter from Jerry About the Report Table of Contents Quick Facts About REI Infographic REI in the Community Corporate Grants & Community Partnerships The REI Foundation Advocacy for the Outdoors Sustainable Operations Greenhouse Gas Emissions Paper Waste Methodology.
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Join our mailing list. Don't show this again. my essays and resources about volunteer engagement/management and volunteerism (community engagement) published on my web site, my blog or the Virtual Volunteering wiki. I have divided these resources into sub-sections in the order I think they should be addressed by an organization starting a volunteer engagement scheme or revamping an existing scheme to address issues such as volunteer.