Augustine Spanish Floridais the first known and recorded Christian marriage anywhere in what is now the continental United States. The settlers and the slaves who had not escaped returned to Haitiwhence they had come. The status of indentured servants in early Virginia and Maryland was similar to slavery.
Black Lerone Bennett, Jr. Senior Editor, Ebony Magazine Source: Ebony 23 November More than 40 million "white" Americans, according to some scholars, have African ancestors.
A large and vocal group is pressing an aggressive campaign for the use of the word "Afro-American" as the only historically accurate and humanly significant designation of this large and pivotal portion of the American population.
This group charges that the word "Negro" is an inaccurate epithet which perpetuates the master-slave mentality in the minds of both black and white Americans. An equally large, but not so vocal, group says the word "Negro" is as accurate and as euphonious as the words "black" and "Afro-American.
Afro american Negro by any other name, they say, would be as black and as beautiful--and as segregated.
The times, they add, are too crucial for Negroes to dissipate their energy in fratricidal strife over names. But the pro-black contingent contends, with Humpty Dumpty, that names are of the essence of the game of power and control.
And they maintain that a change in name will short-circuit the stereotyped thinking patterns that undergird the system of racism in America. To make things even more complicated, a third group, composed primarily of Black Power advocates, has adopted a new vocabulary in which the word "black" is reserved for "black brothers and sisters who are emancipating themselves," and the word "Negro" is used contemptuously for Negroes "who are still in Whitey's bag and who still think of themselves and speak of themselves as Negroes.
It was discussed with gravity at a meeting of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, and it is a matter of grave concern to prominent Negro leaders who have been heckled and publicly denounced for using the word "Negro.
At the Racism in Education Conference of the American Federation of Teachers, the delegates unanimously endorsed a resolution which called on all educators, persons, and organizations to abandon the "slavery-imposed name" "Negro" for the terms "African American " or "Afro-American.
But the Black Power conferees compounded the problem by insisting upon the substitution of the word "Black" for the word "Negro. Some pro- Negro advocates charged indignantly that "the whole black issue was raised by a handful of intellectuals, none of whom are black, except for their beards.
Pressures from these groups and from black professionals gave the movement an edge that isolated nationalists, working alone, had never been able to forge. And it was in response to the growing edge of blackness that several organizations, some of them composed of black professionals, changed their letterheads to indicate the new vision they have of themselves and of their relation to Africa and America.
More significantly, in terms of mass impact, the New York Amsterdam News, one of the largest black newspapers, announced that it would no longer use the word "Negro.
1. a hyphenated word derived from the prefix 'Afro-', meaning African and the noun 'American', meaning a citizen of the United States of America. 2. used to describe an American of African descent. 3. a term which has fallen out of favor in recent years for the more . The Afro-American has crusaded for racial equality and economic advancement for Black Americans for years. In existence since August 13, , John Henry Murphy Sr., a former slave who gained. It was not enough that a freeborn Afro-American should be caught kneeling to an Englishman. Excuse Me! Rupert Hughes. He, too, is a great writer in defense of the Afro-American race. The Black Man, the Father of Civilization. James Morris Webb. British Dictionary definitions for afro-american.
Dick Edwards, the assistant managing editor, says letters are running nine to one in favor of Afro-American. There seems to be violent objection to the term among young people, who link the word 'Negro' with Uncle Tom. They seldom use the word 'Negro. Are there substantial grounds for the violent opposition to the word "Negro"?
To answer these questions and to relate them to the whole bubbling controversy, one must go back years. For Americans of African descent have been arguing about names ever since they were forcibly transported from Africa by Europeans who arbitrarily branded them "Blackamoors," "Moors," "negers," and "negros.
The Portuguese and Spanish, who were pioneers in the African Slave Trade, used this adjective to designate the African men and women whom they captured and transported to the slave mart of the New World.
Within a short time, the Portuguese word negro no capital became the English noun-adjective "negro. The reaction of the first Americans of African descent to the word "Negro" has never been adequately studied.
But it appears from an examination of surviving documents that literate black people resisted the word with cunning and tenacity.
The first black immigrants seem to have preferred the word "African. There were, to be sure, dissents.How a trip to Kenya changed the way I think about the terms African-American and black American.
The Afro-American has crusaded for racial equality and economic advancement for Black Americans for years. In existence since August 13, , John Henry Murphy Sr., a former slave who gained. SWACC Afro Puff Drawstring Ponytail Kinky Curly Afro Clip on Updo Chignon Bun Hair Piece Extensions for African American Women Medium Size (Gray).
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reunion, or a hotel-keepers' convention, or an Afro-American businessmen's banquet, or a Bible society picnic, Tommy Hinds would manage to get himself invited to .