In February the British government decided to launch a military expedition, and Elliot and his cousin, George later Sir George Elliot, were appointed joint plenipotentiaries to China though the latter, in poor health, resigned in November. The British government decided in early to send an expeditionary force to China, which arrived at Hong Kong in June. The British fleet proceeded up the Pearl River estuary to Canton, and, after months of negotiations there, attacked and occupied the city in May Subsequent British campaigns over the next year were likewise successful against the inferior Qing forces, despite a determined counterattack by Chinese troops in the spring of
Subscribe The Opium Wars The wars of and are a perfect case study of the divergence of opinion that the British Empire continues to generate.
The Opium Wars of and between Qing-dynasty China and Britain are a perfect case study of the international divergence of opinion that the Empire continues to generate.
In China the conflicts — the first between it and a western nation — are a national wound: In Britain the wars barely seem to register in public memory.
It begins with a discussion of the ideological differences between the two sides: Many earlier western commentators tried to play down opium as the casus belli, asserting instead that a clash of economic and political cultures lay behind the conflicts.
They sought a moral justification for wars that were essentially about protecting an illegal, profitable drugs trade. In light of the British addiction to Chinese exports silk, ceramics and teaopium was the only commodity that saved the British balance of payments with Asia from ruinous deficit.
In reality the British leaders of the opium trade through the s and s were far more interested in protecting their drug sales in order to fund lucrative retirement packages one of their number, James Matheson, used such profits to buy a seat in Parliament and the Outer Hebridean island of Lewis.
Marchant also portrays opium as an absolute blight on 19th-century China.
They have moved away from the idea that opium turned any casual smoker into a pathetic victim and have instead portrayed with increasing subtlety the economic, social and cultural realities of its use in China.
He makes an important point, too, about the over-reliance of some earlier Anglophone historians on western sources and paradigms to interpret Chinese history and their neglect of internal Chinese factors. Until surprisingly recently, this remained a significant issue in Chinese studies.
As a result we have seen an impressive body of works emerge that have re-examined a succession of Sino-western encounters through sources from both sides.
As doing research in China becomes easier and more archives open their collections to foreigners although many materials from the s and s remain out of reach the old bias towards western sources that Marchant acutely noted is happily becoming the stuff of history.opium war Essay Words | 2 Pages.
The Opium War was a war fought by two countries Great Britain and china in The war was fought over the drug opium which was used by the Chinese for hundreds of year to relieve pain.
opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant. Opium War Essay. Opium War There were two Opium Wars. The first one was from This war was fought between China and Britain.
This war was fought over the two not seeing eye to eye on a lot of things.
The First Opium War (Chinese: 第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
The Opium Wars in the midth century were a critical juncture in modern Chinese history. The first Opium War was fought between China and Great Britain from to In the second Opium War, from to , a weakened China fought both Great Britain and France. China lost both wars. The history of opium in China began with the use of opium for medicinal purposes during the 7th century.
In the 17th century the practice of mixing opium with tobacco for smoking spread from Southeast Asia, creating a far greater demand. The Opium War of China, beginning in , have set a big impact turn in China’s long history and in its relationship with other dominant countries in the trade world which very well been the most humiliating defeat in china’s history.