Gender identity can be affected by, and is different from one society to another depending on the way the members of society evaluate the role of females and males. Our gender identity can be influenced from the ethnicity of the group, their historical and cultural background, family values and religion.
Cultural norms and expectations are related to the meaning of being a man or woman and are closely linked to appearance. In Indonesia, parts of West Africa, and in traditional Scottish dress, men wear an article of clothing that closely resembles a Western definition of a skirt.
In Indonesia, both men and women wear the sarong, a length of cloth wrapped to form a tube. The wrapper, a rectangular cloth tied at the waist, is worn by both sexes in parts of West Africa. The Scottish kilt, still worn at many social gatherings to establish a social and cultural identity, represents the height of masculinity Kidwell and Steele In North American culture, the sarong, wrapper, or kilt would rarely be seen on men except within the theater, film, or in the context of couture or avant-garde fashion.
For example, the grunge style of the early s had fashions for men designed to be worn with skirts. However, there was nothing particularly feminine about these styles; rather, they were purely a fashion statement. Sex, Gender, and Socialization What is meant by the terms "sex" and "gender"?
Although many people use the terms interchangeably, the two words do not have the same meaning. While gender is a social, psychological, and cultural construct, our reason to polarize gender is influenced by sex, that is, the biological dichotomy of male and female.
The biological continuum of genes, chromosomes, hormones, and reproductive physiology helps produce a script for appearing and behaving male and female. Viewing gender as a fluid concept allows scholars studying clothing and appearance to understand gender relations as more than men and women "dressing their parts" Michelman and Kaiser Gendered dressing is more than complementary role-playing; power relations are inextricably involved.
Otherwise, women's adoption of trousers represents an important readjustment of the definition of femininity, but not necessarily a change in the existing balance of power Paoletti and Kregloh A person's sex is determined on the basis of primary sex characteristics, the anatomical traits essential to reproduction.
One may assume that determining biological sex is a clear-cut process, but a significant number of babies are born intersexed.
This is a generic term used by the medical profession to classify people with some mixture of male and female biological characteristics Newman For example, a true hermaphrodite is a person born with ovaries and testes.
Parents, with the help of professionals in the medical field, make the decision to assign their child to be recognized as either male or female. One of the critical cues that these parents would use is dressing the baby in clothing appropriate to its assigned gender.
Secondary sex characteristics distinguish one sex from another. These are physical traits not essential to reproduction for example, breast development, quality of voice, distribution of facial and body hair, and skeletal form.
Gendered appearance and how we construct our identity are closely tied to these sex characteristics. A body ideal is a size, age, and a combination of physical attributes that society deems to be the most desirable for each gender.
For example the early-twenty-first century popular ideal for Western women emphasizes a youthful, slim, athletic, and well-toned physique. Fashion requires women to slavishly conform to this image despite the fact that recent studies have found that the average American woman is 5 feet 4 inches tall, weighs pounds, and wears a size Color is a cue that effects how people interact with a child.
The response of others to gender-specific colors of attire encourage what is socially designated as gender-appropriate behavior by that child Stone Stone observed that dressing a newborn in either blue or pink in America begins a series of interactions.
Norms governing gender-appropriate attire are powerful. Gender-specific attire enhances the internalization of expectations for gender-specific behavior. Through the subtle and frequently nonverbal interactions with children regarding both their appearance and behavior, parents either encourage or discourage certain behaviors often related to dress that lead to a child's development of their gender identity.The idea of social construction of gender sees society, not biological sex differences, as the basis for gender identity (Anderson, Logio & Taylor, ).
There are many different processes by which the expectations associated with being a boy or a girl is passed on through society. The social construction of gender is a notion in feminism and sociology about the operation of gender and gender differences in societies.
According to this view, society and culture create gender roles, and these roles are prescribed as ideal or appropriate behavior for a person of that specific sex.
The social construction of gender is a notion in feminism and sociology about the operation of gender and gender differences in societies.
According to this view, society and culture create gender roles, and these roles are prescribed as ideal or appropriate behavior for a person of that specific sex. "Gender Roles and Fashion " How do clothing fashions aid in the social construction of gender?
What does a woman or man say about herself or himself with various pieces of clothing?. (, April 24)/5(6). During the last two centuries, the definitions of gender were bounded by increasingly blurred lines, expressing the cultural uncertainty surrounding masculinity and feminity. Besides it is known that gender is a social construction (and not .
to gender: just as gender used be invisible, part of the taken for granted reality of the world, so age categorisation is currently something so assumed, so naturalised in biology, that we fail to acknowledge its power.