There was never any doubt that the stone would be the key to translating ancient Egyptian -- it just took longer than expected. Meanwhile, Jean Francis Champollion http: Champollion was a linguist and used principles of comparative linguistics basing his work on the Coptic language that was still being used in Coptic Christian religious ceremonies.
Acronym for grapheme cluster. Acronym for Graphic Character Global Identifier. Partition of the characters into major classes such as letters, punctuation, and symbols, and further subclasses for each of the major classes.
Also known by the abbreviation "g11n". Note that the meaning of "globalization" which is relevant to software products should be distinguished from the more widespread use of "globalization" in the context of economics.
In displaying Unicode character data, one or more glyphs may be selected to depict a particular character. These glyphs are selected by a rendering engine during composition and layout processing.
A numeric code that refers to a glyph. Usually, the glyphs contained in a font are referenced by their glyph code. Glyph codes may be local to a particular font; that is, a different font containing the same glyphs may use different codes.
Similar to a glyph code, a glyph identifier is a label used to refer to a glyph within a font. A font may employ both local and global glyph identifiers. The actual, concrete image of a glyph representation having been rasterized or otherwise imaged onto some display surface.
A collection of properties that specify the relative size and positioning along with other features of a glyph. Conversely, a lowercase italiform letter a and a lowercase Roman letter a are not distinct graphemes because no word is distinguished on the basis of these two different forms.
See definition D58 in Section 3. A grapheme cluster represents a horizontally segmentable unit of text, consisting of some grapheme base which may consist of a Korean syllable together with any number of nonspacing marks applied to it.
See definition D59 in Section 3. Grapheme extender characters consist of all nonspacing marks, zero width joiner, zero width non-joiner, and a small number of spacing marks.
See definition D50 in Section 3. Punctuation marks resembling small less-than and greater-than signs, used as quotation marks in French and other languages. A preferred Hindi synonym for a virama. It literally means killer, referring to its function of killing the inherent vowel of a consonant letter.
In the Devanagari script and certain other scripts of the Brahmi family of Indic scripts, a dead consonant may be depicted in the so-called half-form. This form is composed of the distinctive part of a consonant letter symbol without its vertical stem.
It may be used to create conjunct forms that follow a horizontal layout pattern. Also known as half-form. Characters of East Asian character sets whose glyph image occupies half of the character display cell.
In legacy character sets, halfwidth characters are normally encoded in a single byte. The Japanese term for halfwidth characters is hankaku. Ideographic characters of Chinese origin. The name of the script used to write the Korean language.
Also called a precomposed Hangul syllable to clearly distinguish it from a Korean syllable block. The process of identifying Han characters that are in common among the writing systems of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese. The Mandarin Chinese name for Han characters. Marks that indicate vowels or other modifications of consonant letters in Arabic script.
The Bangla name for halant. Any agreement on the interpretation of Unicode characters that extends beyond the scope of this standard.Alphabet: Alphabet, set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language.
In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence, and each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels. Hieratic, the cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphs, was in fact employed throughout the pharaonic period for administrative and literary purposes, as a faster and more convenient method of writing; thus, its Greek designation is a misnomer.
The Hieratic Script. The hieroglyphic script remained the anchor of writing in Egypt from the first writing in the late fourth millennium BC until the Roman Period.
Its full forms, following the principles of formal Egyptian art, were suitable for monumental inscription and religious contexts - for the horizon of eternity, in which content expressed and secured what is good. New research on a limestone tablet found near Luxor suggests that it may have the oldest known example of the ancient precursor to the Roman alphabet sequence on one side of the artifact and the first few letters of another ancient alphabet on the other side.
Introduction. Hieratic is the cursive form of Hieroglyphic writing which the Egyptians used for everday writing. Hieratic developed very early in Egyptian history, and remained in use for most documents until around BCE when it was replaced by Demotic.
Possibly pre-dates Sumerian Cuneiform writing - if this is true, the Ancient Egyptian script is the oldest known writing system.
Another possibility is that the two scripts developed at more or less the same time.