Juan Bautista de Anza Bith Date:
He was the son of Juan Bautista de Anza I. It is traditionally thought that he may have been educated at the College of San Ildefonso in Mexico City, and later at the military academy there. He advanced rapidly and had become a captain by He married in They had no children. His military duties mainly consisted of forays against hostile Native Americanssuch as the Apacheduring the course of which he explored much of what is now Arizona.
Colonies were established at San Diego and Montereywith a presidio and Franciscan mission at each location. This was approved by the King of Spain and on January 8,with 3 padres, 20 soldiers, 11 servants, 35 mules, 65 cattle, and horses, Anza set forth from Tubac Presidiosouth of present-day Tucson, Arizona.
This was in the domain of the Yuma tribe, with which he established good relations. He returned to Tubac by late May, This expedition was closely watched by Viceroy and King, and on October 2,Anza Juan bautista de anza essay promoted to the rank of lieutenant-coloneland ordered to lead a group of colonists to Alta California.
The Spanish were desirous of reinforcing their presence in Alta California as a buffer against Russian colonization of the Americas advancing from the north, and possibly establish a harbor that would give shelter to Spanish ships. The expedition continued on to Monterey with the colonists.
In Anza's diary on March 25,he states that he "arrived at the arroyo of San Joseph Cupertino now Stevens Creekwhich is useful only for travelers. Here we halted for the night, having come eight leagues in seven and a half hours. From this place we have seen at our right the estuary which runs from the port of San Francisco.
Although there were punitive expeditions, they could not re-establish their position at the Yuma crossing and de Anza's route was blocked, preventing him from continuing his expedition further north. On his return from this successful expedition in he journeyed to Mexico City with the chief of the lower Colorado River area Quechan Yuma Native American tribe who requested the establishment of a mission.
Governor Anza led a punitive expedition against the Comanche group of Native Americanswho had been repeatedly raiding Taos during Chief Cuerno Verdefor whom Greenhorn Creek is named, and many other leaders of the Comanche were killed.
His various local military expeditions against tribes defending their homelands were often successful, but the Quechan Yuma Native American tribe which he had established peace with earlier rebelled, and he fell out of favor with the military commander of the Northern Frontier, the frontier-general.
In Anza led a campaign against the Comanche on the eastern plains and by they were suing for peace. The last of the Comanche chiefs eventually acceded and a formal treaty was concluded on 28 February at Pecos Pueblo.
He was appointed commander of the Presidio of Tucson in but died before he could depart and take office. Anza was survived by his wife.
Inwith the participation of delegations from the University of California, Berkeley and San Franciscohe was disinterred and reburied in a new marble memorial mausoleum at the same Church. Statue by Dorr Bothwell in Riverside, California.
Juan Bautista de Anza's burial site in ArizpeSonora.Juan Bautista de Anza. Juan Bautista de Anza, one of the many explorers who tried venturing into the Northern and Southern horizons, found his way to the lands of Mexico through the Sonoran Desert and then continued to California.
Essay by Ed Quillen. History – August – Colorado Central Magazine. THIS YEAR, Salida and Poncha Springs will host the Anza World Conference, which runs from Aug.
26 to 28 in various local venues like the Steam Plant and the St. Joseph’s Great Hall. The history of California can be divided into: the Native American period; European exploration period from to ; the Spanish colonial period, to ; the Mexican period, to ; and United States statehood, from September 9, (in Compromise of ) which continues to this present day..
California was settled from the North by successive waves of arrivals during the. Eraae: Juan Bautista de Anza and Program Information Essay ensure success on this exam. The book has some vocabulary lists, math tables, and an overview of exam content, as .
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin 2 Juan Bautista de Anza was charged with the task of finding an overland route from Sonora (now southern Arizona) to northern California for two reasons: to establish a safer, more reliable means of sending supplies to the missions and presidios that were being founded in California, and to colonize the area for the Spanish.