Essay on the problem of over-population in India Subrat Mangaraj Advertisements:
Population If population continues to grow at the estimated rate, such rapid growth in India between now and mid-century could lead to overpopulation and an uncertain future for the environment and the people living there.
Environmentalists have long been concerned about the resources threatened by rapidly growing human populations, focusing on phenomenon such as deforestation, desertification, air pollution and global warming.
The population growth estimates at more than 9 billion people by Bythe world population reached 6 billion, and in the relatively short time between andthere could be roughly 2. This is going to be a huge problem to our society and country as a whole.
India is the second most populated country in the world. The government started a family planning program aimed at controlling the increasing population. However, so far, this has not been as successful as predicted.
Thus, overpopulation is the greatest problem for India. There is a low literacy rate in India.
As India is an agriculturist country, most of the people living in the rural part of India are farmers. These farmers have little or no education at all. They live in large families, sometimes in joint, where four or five children are common. Another misconception is a family with no sons, has no heir.
This creates a competition between the woman and nature to see who wins in the race of making a male baby. In contrast to these villages are the cities where most of the people are educated enough to decide how many offspring they should have.
However, thousands of people migrate daily from villages to cities in search of work making these cities overpopulated. Many of these villagers, without enough money to lead a successful city life, live in shanty slums, on pavements or on roads.
A neo-Malthusian is a person who believes that the earths population will eventually die off because of an insufficient food surplus. All of these issues boil down to the simple idea that there are not enough goods to go around. Or, if there are enough goods to go around, then there is not enough government to dispense them.
The second argument, that as population rises problems are worsened, is intuitive. But beyond this, growth rates are a big deal for a country with a huge population.
It is a fact that India adds more people to the world each day than any other country, adding up to about 16 million people per year by one estimate. Each added person increases the number on the side of the ratio that should decrease if needs are going to be met. And this brings us to the heart of the problem.
For no matter how small a population is, its government may be inadequate to suit its needs, and no matter how good a government is, if a population is to large, it does not matter how good distribution is.
If birth rates exceed death rates, population is increasing. There are two ways to lower the growth rate; decrease births or increase deaths.
Because development centralizes around ideas of improving quality of life, and because life is a central idea to development of countries, forcing a policy of causing death seems wrong.
So the adaptable option would be to lower birth rates. In most countries in the world, there are approximately female births for every males.
In India, there are less than 93 women for every men in the population. The accepted reason for such a disparity is the practice of female infanticide in India, prompted by the existence of a dowry system which requires the family to pay out a great deal of money when a female child is married.
For a poor family, the birth of a girl child can signal the beginning of financial ruin and extreme hardship. However this anti-female bias is by no means limited to poor families. These methods of determining the sex of a child are becoming increasing available in rural areas of India, fuelling fears that the trend towards the abortion of female fetuses is on the increase.
The situation in India shows that legalizing abortion not only does not ensure that it becomes accessible but also that it is an ineffective method for curtailing population growth.
Legal abortion was introduced inwhen concern about burgeoning population growth became an issue for India. Although abortion is legal, it is estimated that four million Indian women a year still resort to illegal abortions because of social taboos, misconceptions about the law, and the lack of skilled practitioners and medical facilities.
Giving or taking prenatal tests solely to determine the sex of the fetus is being criminalized by the Indian parliament.Overpopulation in India: The Need for Improved Quality and Diversity of Contraceptive Options On May 11, , Astha (Faith) was born in the Indian capital on New Delhi. Her birth was not only a significant occasion for her parents, but for the entire Nation of India.
Overpopulation refers to an undesirable condition where human population exceeds the available natural resources to feed and sustain it. Today, the world is inhabited by over 7 billion people, with China topping the list as the most populated country, followed by India.
India is building desalination plants to solve this problem. Because India has the same population density as Japan, some have claimed that India's poverty is caused by underdevelopment, not overpopulation.
Over-population has been major problem in India. The efforts to remove the curse of population problem have only been partially effective.
In consequence the rate of population increase has gone down, but the balance between the optimum population growth and a healthy nation is far to be achieved. India is currently encountered with the issue of overpopulation all year round.
In this essay I will discuss the causes and effects of overpopulation in India. There are two major causes such as high birth rate and high fertility rate, which led to overpopulation in India.
Overpopulation and Over- Consumption in India Essay Words | 3 Pages Currently, the population of India is at a formidable amount of billion and estimated to have billion people by