Introducing the Problem Journalist and best-selling author Lee Strobel commissioned George Barna, the public-opinion pollster, to conduct a nationwide survey.
The Problems of Personal Identity There is no single problem of personal identity, but rather a wide range of questions that are at best loosely connected. Here are the most familiar: The precise meaning of these phrases is hard to pin down.
It may be, for instance, that being a philosopher and loving music belong to my identity, whereas being a man and living in Yorkshire do not.
Someone else could have the same four properties but feel differently towards them, so that being a man and living in Yorkshire belong to his identity but not being a philosopher or loving music.
It contrasts with ethnic or national identity, which consists roughly of the ethnic group or nation one takes oneself to belong to and the importance one attaches to this.
Ludwig is a typical discussion of this topic. What is it to be a person? What is necessary, and what suffices, for something to count as a person, as opposed to a nonperson? The most common answer is that to be a person at a time is to have certain special mental properties then e.
Others propose a less direct connection between personhood and mental properties Chisholm What does it take for a person to persist from one time to another—to continue existing rather than cease to exist?
What determines which past or future being is you? What is it about the way she relates then to you as you are now that makes her you? For that matter, what makes it the case that anyone at all who existed back then is you?
This is sometimes called the question of personal identity over time.
An answer to it is an account of our persistence conditions. Imagine that after your death there really will be someone, in this world or the next, who resembles you in certain ways. How would that being have to relate to you as you are now in order to be you, rather than someone else?
What would the Higher Powers have to do to keep you in existence after your death? Or is there anything they could do? The answer to these questions depends on the answer to the persistence question.
How do we find out who is who? What evidence bears on the question of whether the person here now is the one who was here yesterday? One source of evidence is first-person memory: Another source is physical continuity: Which of these sources is more fundamental? Does first-person memory count as evidence all by itself, for instance, or only insofar as we can check it against publicly available physical facts?
What should we do when they support opposing verdicts?
Ought we to conclude, on the basis of memory evidence, that the resulting person is not Charlie but Guy Fawkes brought back to life, or ought we instead to infer from the absence of physical continuity that he is simply Charlie with memory loss?
What principle would answer this question? The evidence question dominated the literature on personal identity from the s to the s good examples include Shoemakerand Penelhum It is important to distinguish it from the persistence question.
Because examining personal identity means there is another self doing the examining and this self is not attached to personal identity. Identifying with this self rather than the personal self is to be free of problems of any sort. WHAT IS SENSE OF SELF? Everybody has a sense of self or sense of personal identity. In fact most people have a number of important ways of thinking about themselves that are significant enough to be considered multiple senses of self. Phishing - Fake Requests for Personal Financial Information What is Phishing? Phishing is a method thieves and con men used to get personal information from you in order to steal your identity and then your money or benefits.
What it takes for you to persist through time is one thing; how we might find out whether you have is another. If the criminal had fingerprints just like yours, the courts may conclude that he is you. But even if that is conclusive evidence, having your fingerprints is not what it is for a past or future being to be you: If the persistence question asks which of the characters introduced at the beginning of a story have survived to become those at the end of it, we may also ask how many are on the stage at any one time.
What determines how many of us there are now? If there are some seven billion people on the earth at present, what facts—biological, psychological, or what have you—make that the right number?
The question is not what causes there to be a certain number of people at a given time, but what there being that number consists in. It is like asking what sort of configuration of pieces amounts to winning a game of chess, rather than what sorts of moves typically lead to winning.
But this is disputed. Some say that cutting the main connections between the cerebral hemispheres results in radical disunity of consciousness, and that because of this, two people share a single organism see e.Personal Identity.
What does being the person that you are, from one day to the next, necessarily consist in?
This is the question of personal identity, and it is literally a question of life and death, as the correct answer to it determines which types of changes a person can undergo without ceasing to exist.
As the title promises, the book deals with three big topics: the general (logical) problems of identity, the special problems of personal identity, and problems of "the self"; that is, some related problems in the philosophy of psychology. Because examining personal identity means there is another self doing the examining and this self is not attached to personal identity.
Identifying with this self rather than the personal self is to be free of problems of any sort. Identity theft is a type of fraud that involves using someone else's identity to steal money or gain other benefits. WHAT IS SENSE OF SELF? Everybody has a sense of self or sense of personal identity.
In fact most people have a number of important ways of thinking about themselves that are significant enough to be considered multiple senses of self. Identity theft is pretty much exactly what it sounds like: A scammer uses your personal information, like your Social Security number, driver’s license number or other financial account information to make a profit while wreaking havoc on your financial life.