Irish writing from the 8th century Irish has one of the oldest vernacular literatures in western Europe after Greek and Latin. Before that time a simple writing system known as "ogham" was used for inscriptions. The introduction of Latin led to the adaptation of the Latin alphabet to the Irish language and the rise of a small literate class, both clerical and lay. The earliest poetry, composed in the 6th century, illustrates a vivid religious faith or describes the world of nature, and was sometimes written in the margins of illuminated manuscripts.
Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Brooks Atkinson's essays, Robert Lowery's annotated index of the autobiographies, and a compilation of recent Anglo-Irish research, edited by Richard Finneran.
Gill and Macmillan; New York: He identifies six types of hero in Irish tradition and devotes a chapter to the lore of each: Many motifs from pre-Christian Irish tradition survived in legends about the saints who were celebrated for their verbal and physical violence, their magical abilities, and their defense of the people and the native culture.
Similarly, many pre-Christian concepts and motifs survived in the lore about social leaders, liberators, and outlaws of later centuries.
He grounds his Irish materials in a larger international context and presents a remarkable range of references to biblical, classical, and European analogues and influences on Irish tradition. He also demonstrates the influence of written literature and modes on the oral traditions of the peasantry.
Irish social history provided another influence on the development of Irish folklore. These oral traditions represent a process of continuity and change, of stability and variation, at once conservative and dynamic. Heroes of widely separated centuries and backgrounds share common traits, yet are adapted to changing historical circumstances.
Folk history focuses on individuals and personalities rather than groups and events, it presents a series of unique nanatives rather than a panoramic view of history, and it prizes aesthetics over accuracy, preferring the well-constructed story to the tedious facts of reality.
Yet historians who dismiss folklore as unhistorical are short-sighted. Moreover, what the people perceived history to have been was an important influence on their behavior and subsequent history.
Most importantly, folklore provides historians and anyone studying Irish history and culture with a unique insight into the mind of the people.
This lore about folk heroes thus represents "the social psychology" of traditional Ireland.reading irish literature On Reading Ancient Literature:The Text and the Context is an interesting essay by Michael Sundermeier that discusses the importance of cultural context and background in reading Irish literature.
Irish Literature For a comparatively small island, Ireland has made a disproportionately large contribution to world literature in all its branches. Irish literature encompasses the Irish and English languages. Modern Irish literature is generally considered to have begun after the Irish Literary Renaissance, which spanned the years from to and is exemplified by the writings of William Butler.
In Early Irish Literature, he summarizes the historical, mythological and poetic legacy of ancient and medieval Ireland, spanning more than a millennium Thus Myles Dillon describes the enduring qualities of the literature of early Ireland/5.
Books shelved as irish-literature: Dubliners by James Joyce, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce, Ulysses by James Joyce, The Picture. This is the first comprehensive history of Irish literature in both its major languages, Irish and English.
The twenty-nine chapters in this two-volume history provide an .
Modern Irish literature is generally considered to have begun after the Irish Literary Renaissance, which spanned the years from to and is exemplified by the writings of William Butler. Website for Irish and Celtic literature, mythology, and folklore, including Fairy tales, mythological hero tales, and study resources. HISTORY LANGUAGE PERIODICALS; The Story of the Irish Race History of Ireland The Archaeology of Ancient Ireland Irish Timeline and History Irish Historical Maps. In summary, ‘A Painful Case’ introduces us to James Duffy, a man who lives on the outskirts of Dublin, in the village of Chapelizod. He is a bachelor, his life somewhat clinical and sterile. He is, in a word ‘saturnine’: gloomy, sluggish, lacking dynamism.